In a follow-up on the wild poliovirus situation in Afghanistan, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) reports the following:
Two wild poliovirus-1 (WPV1) cases were reported in Nangarhar province this past week making them the first cases from Afghanistan this year. There were 20 cases reported last year. The cases are from Batikot and Kot districts in Nangarhar, in Eastern Region, the only region that remains endemic for WPV circulation in the country. A detailed field investigation is ongoing to better identify population groups among whom virus may be persisting.
Four WPV1 positive environmental samples were reported in Nangarhar this past week. There have been 22 WPV1 positive environmental samples reported this year.
A sub-national immunization campaign for the eradication of poliovirus started in 23 provinces of Afghanistan on Monday.
There have been three WPV1 cases reported globally in 2023 to date–Afghanistan (2) and Pakistan (1).
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Polio is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus mainly affects children under the age of five. It invades the nervous system and can cause paralysis or even death. While there is no cure for polio, vaccination is the only effective way to protect our children from the crippling disease.
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