By NewsDesk @infectiousdiseasenews
Pakistani media report an additional human rabies death in Karachi Friday night. According to the report, the victim is a six-year-old boy who reported at the Indus Hospital with full-blown rabies.
The boy was bitten by a dog on his face and shoulder in the Garden area over three weeks ago.
Rabies is an acute viral infection that is transmitted to humans or other mammals usually through the saliva from a bite of an infected animal. It is also rarely contracted through breaks in the skin or contact with mucous membranes.
Initially, like in many diseases, the symptoms are non-specific; fever, headache and malaise. This may last several days. At the site of the bite there may be some pain and discomfort. Symptoms then progress to more severe: confusion, delirium, abnormal behavior and hallucinations. If it gets this far, the disease is nearly 100% fatal.
Post-exposure treatment is a combination of Rabies Immune Globulin (RIG) and Rabies vaccine. The RIG is given in one dose. RIG is basically pre-formed antibody that will provide immediate protection until you respond to the vaccine. The vaccine will help your body produce antibody to the virus, but this takes some time.
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