By News Desk @bactiman63
Reports from Health Protection Scotland (HPS) show that the sexually transmitted infections (STI), chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis have all increased from 2017 to 2018.
In particular, gonorrhea cases increased the most. In 2018, 3,233 episodes of gonorrhea were reported, a 24% increase compared to 2017 and the largest number recorded in the last decade.
In fact, since 2013, gonorrhea diagnoses have increased by 103% (from 1,595 in 2013 to 3,233 in 2018). The increase is largely due to a 121% increase in male diagnoses (from 1,056 to 2,339) and principally, among men who have sex with men (MSM).
Rectal gonorrhea in men, a marker of condomless anal intercourse (CAI), increased in 2018 to 39% of all gonorrhea episodes recorded. The number of male rectal gonorrhea episodes is the largest number of episodes recorded over the last decade.
Genital chlamydia remains the most frequently diagnosed STI in Scotland with 16,338 diagnoses reported in 2018, which represents a 4% increase compared to 2017.
In addition, the number of diagnoses of infectious syphilis increased between 2017 and 2018 by 14% (from 399 to 455). This is the highest annual total recorded since the establishment of the surveillance system in 2002-2003 with the burden of infection among MSM (87% of diagnoses).