After more than 3 years with no cases of cholera reported in Haiti, on 2 October 2022, the national authorities reported two confirmed cases of Vibrio cholerae O1 in the greater Port-au-Prince area.
In a follow-up on the situation, the Haitian Ministry of Health (Ministère de la Santé Publique et de la Population) reports a total of 152 suspected cases of cholera, which includes 12 confirmed cases, 2 probable cases, 107 suspected hospitalized cases, and 4 institutional deaths, as of Thursday.
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Cholera is an acute diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Cholera is spread through contaminated food or water.
It usually takes 2-3 days for symptoms to appear after ingesting cholera bacteria, ranging from a few hours to 5 days.
Cholera can cause large amounts of watery diarrhea (described as a rice-water stool), nausea, and vomiting. Rapid loss of body fluids can lead to dehydration, shock, and even death.
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